Here are the study targets and our recommended materials for English level C1.
At the end of English level C1, you can:
- understand a wide range of demanding, longer texts, and recognise implicit meaning.
- express yourself fluently and spontaneously without much obvious searching for expressions.
- use language flexibly and effectively for social, academic and professional purposes.
- produce clear, well-structured, detailed text on complex subjects, with controlled use of organisational patterns, connectors and cohesive devices.
(Adapted from the international CEFR framework set out by the Council of Europe (2001) Common European Framework of Reference for Languages: learning, teaching, assessment.)
Study targets for English level C1
Here are our Top 10 targets for the key components of the English level C1.
English communication (C1)
- Expressing feelings and attitudes;
- Emphasising an issue or a feeling.
- Expressing opinions tentatively.
- Developing an argument systematically.
- Negotiating and conceding.
- Describing cause and effect.
- Expressing empathy and sympathy.
- Expressing reservations.
- Speculating about events in past, present, future.
- Discussing complex subjects in detail.
English vocabulary (C1)
- Life experiences and lifestyles.
- Books and literature.
- Money and business.
- News and current affairs.
- Global issues.
- Scientific developments.
- Vague language.
- Colloquial expressions.
- Idiomatic expressions.
English grammar (C1)
- Futures (revision).
- Passives (all forms).
- Compound adjectives and modifying gradeable adjectives.
- Adverbs and adverbial phrases: degree.
- Modals in the past.
- Mixed conditionals.
- Ellipsis and substitution.
- Adding emphasis - cleft sentences.
- Adding emphasis - inversion with negative adverbials.
- Multiword verbs.
Study options for English level C1
English level C1 is the advanced level of English language learning. This means that you already have a very good level of English and can communicate in a wide variety of situations. To develop your General English skills further, please see our tips and the study materials below.
Tip 1: To increase your understanding and use of English, it is important to expand your vocabulary. We recommend reading longer detailed texts in English. This may include English novels, academic or business materials.
Tip 2: Practise with a local English teacher can develop your fluency and pronunciation. They can challenge you with complex discussions and give valuable feedback.
Have you considered English for Work and English Exams?
You may now want to focus on specific areas, such as English for Work. (This includes Business English, Legal English and more.) You can also prepare for one of the internationally-recognised English examinations. (Some of the most popular and the Cambridge exams and IELTS.)
Self-study English books (C1)
Here are our recommended self-study books for English level C1.
An English teacher can help you choose materials and then you can practise together regularly. This can be a great way to set regular targets and get excellent feedback to develop your English skills.
Find an English teacher