What are irregular verbs?
English irregular verbs have different rules when forming the past tense (for past simple) and the past participle (for present perfect, past perfect, future perfect tenses). All English auxiliary verbs (be, do, and have) are also irregular.
You can learn more English online by visiting our free English grammar lessons, which include other verb tenses and more grammar points.
You can also find more grammar, vocabulary and communication tasks for each English level:
The irregular verb cards below show the base form of each verb.
Tap or hover over the cards for the Past tense and Past participle to see the irregular forms.
You can even try this more than once to help you remember the irregular forms!
This list has twenty commonly used irregular verbs (Irregular verbs list part 1).
Past tense form
Past participle form
|read||read /red/||read /red/|
Quiz 1: Past simple form
A family holiday last year
Type the irregular verbs in the past simple tense form.
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Irregular verbs: Quiz 1
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- The family (left)[leave] home at 6 o'clock in the morning and (went)[go] to the airport by car.
- At the airport, the parents (drank)[drink] coffee and the children (ate)[eat] breakfast. Then, at 11 o'clock they (flew)[fly] to the south of Spain for their summer holiday. The mum (read)[read] a magazine on the plane, but the dad (forgot)[forget] his book. So, he and the children (slept)[sleep]!
- It (was)[be] really hot in Spain and they (bought)[buy] a lot of cold drinks. On their first day, they (spent)[spend] the whole afternoon relaxing by the swimming pool. The mum (brought)[bring] her magazine and the dad (swam)[swim] with the kids. They all had a really great time!
- In the evening, they (had)[have] dinner at the hotel and the mum (wrote)[write] some postcards for friends and family.
- Later in the week, they (met)[meet] another family and they (did)[do] some sightseeing together. It (cost)[cost] a lot of money, but they (saw)[see] many interesting places. Unfortunately, the dad (lost)[lose] his camera on their last day!