Irregular verbs 1

What are irregular verbs?

English irregular verbs have different rules when forming the past tense (for past simple) and the past participle (for present perfect, past perfect, future perfect tenses). All English auxiliary verbs (be, do, and have) are also irregular.

You can learn more English online by visiting our free English grammar lessons, which include other verb tenses and more grammar points.

You can also find more grammar, vocabulary and communication tasks for each English level:

Verb cards

The irregular verb cards below show the base form of each verb.

Tap or hover over the cards for the Past tense and Past participle to see the irregular forms.

You can even try this more than once to help you remember the irregular forms!

be

Past tense

Past participle

bring

Past tense

Past participle

buy

Past tense

Past participle

cost

Past tense

Past participle

do

Past tense

Past participle

drink

Past tense

Past participle

eat

Past tense

Past participle

fly

Past tense

Past participle

forget

Past tense

Past participle

go

Past tense

Past participle

have

Past tense

Past participle

leave

Past tense

Past participle

lose

Past tense

Past participle

meet

Past tense

Past participle

read

Past tense

Past participle

see

Past tense

Past participle

sleep

Past tense

Past participle

spend

Past tense

Past participle

swim

Past tense

Past participle

write

Past tense

Past participle

Verb list

This list has twenty commonly used irregular verbs (Irregular verbs list part 1).

Base form

Past tense form

Past participle form

be was, were been
bring brought brought
buy bought bought
cost cost cost
do did done
drink drank drunk
eat ate eaten
fly flew flown
forget forgot forgotten
go went gone
have had had
leave left left
lose lost lost
meet met met
read read /red/ read /red/
see saw seen
sleep slept slept
spend spent spent
swim swam swum
write wrote written

Quizzes

Quiz 1: Past simple form

A family holiday last year

[Topic: Travel]

Type the irregular verbs in the past simple tense form.

Irregular verbs: Quiz 1